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滴灌玉米水肥一体化技术

文章出处:广州一翔农业技术有限公司作者:admin人气:发表时间:2020-10-15 14:49:50

YUMISHILIANGSHI、SILIAO、JIAGONG、NENGYUANDUOYUANYONGTUZUOWU,BEIYUWEI21SHIJIDE“GUZHONGZHIWANG”,2001NIANYUMIYIJINGCHENGWEIQUANQIUDIYIDALIANGSHIZUOWU。2013NIAN,YUMIYIJINGCHAOGUODAOGUCHENGWEIWOGUODIYIDALIANGSHIZUOWU,CHANLIANGZHANWOGUOLIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANGDE38.9%。

 

YI、YUMIDIGUANDAIXUANZEYUGUANWANGBUSHE

JIANYICAIYONG2XING1GUANKUANZHAIXINGZHONGZHI,KUANXING80~90cm,ZHAIXING20~40cm,ZHAIXINGZHONGPUSHE1GENDIGUANDAI,ZHUJUYIMIDUQUEDING,JIANYIBOZHONGMIDU7000~8500 ZHU/MU。XUANYONGDANYIMIGONGSHIHUOZHENEIXIANGTIEPIANSHIDIGUANDAI,DIKONGJIANJU(300mm);GENJUTURANGZHIDIXUANZEDIGUANDAIDITOULIULIANG:SHARANGTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG2.8~3.2L/hWEIYI;RANGTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG2.4~2.8L/hWEIYI;ZHANTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG1.8~2.4L/hWEIYI;ZHIGUANXUANZEPE(JUYIXI)HEIGUANSHUIDAI(75﹟HUOZHE90﹟)。ZUIHAOXUANYONGXUANYONGFUKUAN70~90cm,HOUDU>0.01mmDEPUTONGJUYIXIBOMOHUOSHENGWUYUGUANGSHUANGJIANGJIEBOMO。

XUANZETUCENGSHENHOU、FEILIZHONGDENGYISHANGDIKUAI,QINGCHUQIANCHAZUOWUGENCHA,HESHANGGENGFAN,SHENDUYI20~30cmWEIYI,GENGHOUJISHIPAMO,ZHENGDI。4YUE20RIZHI5YUE15RI,DANG5~10cmTUCENGWENDUWENDINGTONGGUO8~10℃JIKEBOZHONG。CAIYONGDIMOFUGAIZAIPEI,BOZHONGSHIJIANKEBILUDIZHONGZHITIZAOYIZHOU。JINLIANGCAIYONGJIXIEJINGLIANGDIANBO,BOSHEN3~4cm,BOZHONGSHIMOYAOZHANPING、LAJIN、JINTIEDIMIAN,MOBIANYAJINYAYAN、FUTUJUNYUN(MEIGE2~3mZAIDIMOSHANGYAYIXIAOTUDUIYIFANGFENGJIEMO),DIGUANDAIYAOLAJIN,BOHOUJISHIJIAOCHUMIAOSHUI,QUEBAOQUANMIAO。

 

ER、DIGUANYUMIXUFEIGUILV

GENJUSHIYANCEDINGJIEGUO,DIGUANYUMIQUANSHENGYUQIXISHOUDEDAN、JIAJIEJIN,BINGQIEZUIDUO,ERLINJIAOSHAO。DANCHAN1000~1100kg/MUDEDIGUANYUMI,MIAOQIMIAOTIXIAO,GANWUZHIJILEISHAO,XISHOUDEDANLINJIAYANGFENSHULIANGYESHAO,ZHANQUANSHENGYUQIXISHOUZONGLIANGDE1.28%~2.83%。JINRUBAJIEQI,XISHOUDANLINJIAYANGFENDESHULIANGJUZENG,ZHIDAOCHOUXIONGQIZHIKAIHUAQIDAZUIGAOFENG,YIHOUZHUJIANJIANGDI,CONGBIAO1KEYIKANCHU,DIGUANYUMIBAJIEQIXISHOUDANLINJIAYANGFENSHULIANGFENBIEZHANQUANSHENGYUQIZONGXISHOULIANGDE28.16%、18.36%HE22.16%。CHOUXIONGQIZHIKAIHUAQIDANSUXISHOULIANGZHANZHENGGESHENGYUQIZONGXISHOULIANGDE48.23%、LINZHAN52.4%、JIAZHAN52.59%。TONGSHIKEYIKANCHU,DIGUANYUMIXISHOUDAN、JIADEGAOFENGQIJIAOLINLAIDEZAO,YOUCIKEJIAN,DIGUANYUMIYAOZHUZHONGHUAFEIZAOQISHIYONG,JIBAOZHENGSHENGYUQIANQIDEYANGFENGONGYING,TONGSHIGENGYAOZHUZHONGSHENGZHANGZHONGQIJICHOUXIONGQIDAOKAIHUAQIHUAFEIDESUISHUISHIYONGJIYANGFENDEPEIHEBILI。

 

 

BIAO1DIGUANYUMIBUTONGSHENGYUQIYANGFENXISHOULIANGJIBILI

SHENGYUSHIQI

DAN

LIN

JIA

XISHOULIANG(kg/MU)

XISHOUBILI(%)

XISHOULIANG

(kg/MU)

XISHOUBILI

(%)

XISHOULIANG

(kg/MU)

XISHOUBILI

(%)

MIAOQI

0.37

2.32

0.06

1.28

0.43

2.83

BAJIEQI

4.48

28.16

0.90

18.36

3.58

23.47

CHOUXIONGQI

4.05

25.45

1.31

26.68

4.44

29.12

KAIHUAQI

3.62

22.78

1.27

25.72

3.38

22.16

TUSIQI

2.34

14.73

0.95

19.24

2.23

14.58

CHENGSHUQI

1.04

6.56

0.43

8.72

1.20

7.84

 

SAN、DIGUANYUMISHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUFANGAN

YIBEIJIANGPIANQUWEILI,MUCHANYUMIZILI1000~1100kgMUBIAOCHANLIANG,DIGUANTIAOJIANXIA,QUANSHENGYUQIDISHUI8~10CI,ZONGDISHUILIANG300~350m3/MU;DIFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI19~21kg/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI8~9 kg/MU,JIAFEIWEI4~5 kg/MU。ZHONGDENGFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI17~19 kg/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI7~8 kg/MU,JIAFEIWEI3~4 kg/MU。GAOFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI15~17 kg/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI6~7 kg/MU,JIAFEIWEI2~3 kg/MU。DAN、LIN、JIAFEI(CHUNLIANG)SHIYONGBILIFANWEIWEI1:0.38~0.48:0.15~0.25。

JUTISHUIFEIYITIHUAFANGANRUXIA:

(1)CHUMIAOSHUI:DIGUANSHUI15~20 m3/MU,SUISHUIDISHILINSUANYIANHUOZHECHUMIAOSHUIZHUANYONGFEI2~3kg/MU,RUGUOTURANGYANJIANJIAODAKEYIGAIYONGLINSUANNIAOHUOZHESUANXINGTURANGGAILIANGJI2~2.5kg/MU。

(2)CHUMIAOHOUDIYISHUIDEGUANLI:JINLIANGYANCHIDIYISHUIGUANGAISHIJIAN,ZHIZHIYUMIYOUZHUSHANGBUYEPIANJUANQI(DAGAIZAISHENGYUQI40~45TIANYINEI,SHIJIANDAGAIWEI6YUESHANGXUN);GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI30~35m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU4~5kg,LINSUANNIAO1.5~2kg,LIUSUANJIA1.0~1.2kgHUOZHEXIANGTONGHANLIANGDEDIGUANZHUANYONGFEI(XIATONG)。

(3)DIERSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7~12TIAN(SHIJIANWEI6YUEZHONGXIAXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45~60m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU3~4kg,LINSUANYIAN1.5~2.0kg,LINSUANNIAO1kg,LIUSUANJIA1.0~1.5kg,XIN、MENG、PENGWEILIANGYUANSUFEILIAO0.2~0.3kg,LIUSUANMEI0.05~0.1kg;

(4)DISANSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7~12TIAN(SHIJIANWEI7YUESHANGZHONGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45~60m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU5~6kgRUGUOYOUTIAOJIANKEYIZENGJIALIUSUANAN1kg(XIATONG),LINSUANYIAN3.5~4kg,JIAFEI2kg。

 

(5)DISISHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7~12TIAN(SHIJIANWEI7YUEZHONGXIAXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI50~70m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU4~5kg,LINSUANYIAN3~4kgZUOYOU,LVHUAJIA1.5~2.0kgZUOYOU,ANJISUANHUOZHEFUZHISUAN(XIN、PENG、MENGBILI1:2:1)DENGWEILIANGYUANSU0.3~0.5kg。

(6)DIWUSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7~12TIAN(SHIJIANWEI8YUESHANGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45~55m3;DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU2~3kg,LIUSUANAN3~5kg,LINSUANYIAN3~4kgZUOYOU,JIAFEI1.8~2.2kg,ANJISUANHUOZHEFUZHISUAN(XIN、PENG、MENG、GAI)0.3kg。

(7)DILIUSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7~12TIAN(SHIJIANWEI8YUEZHONGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI40~50m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU3~4kg,LINSUANYIAN2~3kg,JIAFEI1.5~1.8kg。

(8)DAOSHUDIERCIGUANGAI,MEIMUYONGSHUILIANGKONGZHIZAI30m3YIXIA,NIAOSU2kg,LINSUANNIAO1kg,JIAFEI1kg,ZUIHOUYISHUINIAOSU1kg,LIUSUANJIA0.5kg。

(9)ZUIHOUYISHUIGUANLI,MEIMUYONGSHUILIANGKONGZHIZAI30m3YIXIA,SHIJIANDAGAIWEI8YUEXIAXUNHUOZHE9YUECHU,JIUYUEZHONGXUNHOUJINZHIGUANGAI。



 

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