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滴灌玉米水肥一体化技术

文章出处:广州一翔农业技术有限公司作者:admin人气:发表时间:2017-04-20 14:57:29

YI、YUMIDIGUANDAIXUANZEYUGUANWANGBUSHE

JIANYICAIYONG2XING1GUANKUANZHAIXINGZHONGZHI,KUANXING80~90cm,ZHAIXING20~40cm,ZHAIXINGZHONGPUSHE1GENDIGUANDAI,ZHUJUYIMIDUQUEDING,JIANYIBOZHONGMIDU7000~8500 ZHU/MU。

XUANYONGDANYIMIGONGSHIHUOZHENEIXIANGTIEPIANSHIDIGUANDAI,DIKONGJIANJU

(300mm);GENJUTURANGZHIDIXUANZEDIGUANDAIDITOULIULIANG:SHARANGTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG2.8~3.2L/HWEIYI;RANGTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG2.4~2.8L/HWEIYI;ZHANTUYINGDANGXUANZEDITOULIULIANG1.8~2.4L/HWEIYI;ZHIGUANXUANZEPE(JUYIXI)HEIGUANSHUIDAI(75﹟HUOZHE90﹟)。XUANYONGXUANYONGFUKUAN70~90cm,HOUDU>0.01mmDEPUTONGJUYIXIBOMOHUOSHENGWUYUGUANGSHUANGJIANGJIEBOMO。

XUANZETUCENGSHENHOU、FEILIZHONGDENGYISHANGDIKUAI,QINGCHUQIANCHAZUOWUGENCHA,HESHANGGENGFAN,SHENDUYI20~30cm WEIYI,GENGHOUJISHIPAMO,ZHENGDI。4 YUE20 RIZHI5 YUE15 RI,DANG5~10cm TUCENGWENDUWENDINGTONGGUO8~10℃JIKEBOZHONG。CAIYONGDIMOFUGAIZAIPEI,BOZHONGSHIJIANKEBILUDIZHONGZHITIZAOYIZHOU。JINLIANGCAIYONGJIXIEJINGLIANGDIANBO,BOSHEN3~4cm,BOZHONGSHIMOYAOZHANPING、LAJIN、JINTIEDIMIAN,MOBIANYAJINYAYAN、FUTUJUNYUN(MEIGE2~3mZAIDIMOSHANGYAYIXIAOTUDUIYIFANGFENGJIEMO),DIGUANDAIYAOLAJIN,BOHOUJISHIJIAOCHUMIAOSHUI,QUEBAOQUANMIAO。

ER、DIGUANYUMIXUFEIGUILV

GENJUSHIYANCEDINGJIEGUO,DIGUANYUMIQUANSHENGYUQIXISHOUDEDAN、JIAJIEJIN,BINGQIEZUIDUO,ERLINJIAOSHAO。DANCHAN1000-1100kg/666.7m2DEDIGUANYUMI,MIAOQIMIAOTIXIAO,GANWUZHIJILEISHAO,XISHOUDEDANLINJIAYANGFENSHULIANGYESHAO,ZHANQUANSHENGYUQIXISHOUZONGLIANGDE1.28%-2.83%。JINRUBAJIEQI,XISHOUDANLINJIAYANGFENDESHULIANGJUZENG,ZHIDAOCHOUXIONGQIZHIKAIHUAQIDAZUIGAOFENG,YIHOUZHUJIANJIANGDI,CONGBIAO1KEYIKANCHU,DIGUANYUMIBAJIEQIXISHOUDANLINJIAYANGFENSHULIANGFENBIEZHANQUANSHENGYUQIZONGXISHOULIANGDE28.16%、18.36%HE22.16%。CHOUXIONGQIZHIKAIHUAQIDANSUXISHOULIANGZHANZHENGGESHENGYUQIZONGXISHOULIANGDE48.23%、LINZHAN52.4%、JIAZHAN52.59%。TONGSHIKEYIKANCHU,DIGUANYUMIXISHOUDAN、JIADEGAOFENGQIJIAOLINLAIDEZAO,YOUCIKEJIAN,DIGUANYUMIYAOZHUZHONGHUAFEIZAOQISHIYONG,JIBAOZHENGSHENGYUQIANQIDEYANGFENGONGYING,TONGSHIGENGYAOZHUZHONGSHENGZHANGZHONGQIJICHOUXIONGQIDAOKAIHUAQIHUAFEIDESUISHUISHIYONGJIYANGFENDEPEIHEBILI。

BIAO1 DIGUANYUMIBUTONGSHENGYUQIYANGFENXISHOULIANGJIBILI

生育时期
 

 

 
吸收量(kg/666.7m2) 吸收比例(%) 吸收量(kg/666.7m2) 吸收比例(%) 吸收量(kg/666.7m2) 吸收比例(%)
 
苗期 0.37 2.32 0.06 1.28 0.43 2.83
拔节期 4.48 28.16 0.90 18.36 3.58 23.47
抽雄期 4.05 25.45 1.31 26.68 4.44 29.12
开花期 3.62 22.78 1.27 25.72 3.38 22.16
吐丝期 2.34 14.73 0.95 19.24 2.23 14.58
成熟期 1.04 6.56 0.43 8.72 1.20 7.84

SAN、DIGUANYUMISHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUFANGAN

MUCHANYUMIZILI1000-1100㎏MUBIAOCHANLIANG,DIGUANTIAOJIANXIA,QUANSHENGYUQIDISHUI8~10CI,ZONGDISHUILIANG300~350m3/MU;DIFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI19-21㎏/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI8-9㎏/MU,JIAFEIWEI4-5㎏/MU。ZHONGDENGFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI17-19㎏/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI7-8㎏/MU,JIAFEIWEI3-4㎏/MU。GAOFEILIQU,DANFEITUIJIANSHIYONGLIANGWEI15-17㎏/MU,LINFEI(P2O5)WEI6-7㎏/MU,JIAFEIWEI2-3㎏/MU。DAN、LIN、JIAFEI(CHUNLIANG)SHIYONGBILIFANWEIWEI1:0.38-0.48:0.15-0.25。

JUTISHUIFEIYITIHUAFANGANRUXIA:

(1)CHUMIAOSHUI:DIGUANSHUI15-20 m3/MU,SUISHUIDISHILINSUANYIANHUOZHECHUMIAOSHUIZHUANYONGFEI2-3kg/MU,RUGUOTURANGYANJIANJIAODAKEYIGAIYONGLINSUANNIAOHUOZHESUANXINGTURANGGAILIANGJI2-2.5kg/MU。

(2)CHUMIAOHOUDIYISHUIDEGUANLI:JINLIANGYANCHIDIYISHUIGUANGAISHIJIAN,ZHIZHIYUMIYOUZHUSHANGBUYEPIANJUANQI(DAGAIZAISHENGYUQI40-45TIANYINEI,SHIJIANDAGAIWEI6YUESHANGXUN);GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI30~35m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU4-5kg,LINSUANNIAO1.5-2kg,LIUSUANJIA1.0-1.2kgHUOZHEXIANGTONGHANLIANGDEDIGUANZHUANYONGFEI(XIATONG)。

(3)DIERSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7-12TIAN(SHIJIANDAGAIWEI6YUEZHONGXIAXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45-60m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU3-4kg,LINSUANYIAN1.5-2.0kg,LINSUANNIAO1kg,LIUSUANJIA1.0-1.5kg,XIN、MENG、PENGWEILIANGYUANSUFEILIAO0.2-0.3kg,LIUSUANMEI0.05-0.1kg;

(4)DISANSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7-12TIAN(SHIJIANDAGAIWEI7YUESHANGZHONGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45-60m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,NIAOSU5-6kgRUGUOYOUTIAOJIANKEYIZENGJIALIUSUANAN1kg(XIATONG),LINSUANYIAN3.5-4kg,JIAFEI2kg。

(5)DISISHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7-12TIAN(SHIJIANDAGAIWEI7YUEZHONGXIAXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI50-70m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU4-5kg,LINSUANYIAN3-4kgZUOYOU,LVHUAJIA1.5-2.0kgZUOYOU,ANJISUANHUOZHEFUZHISUAN(XIN、PENG、MENGBILI1:2:1)DENGWEILIANGYUANSU0.3-0.5kg。

(6)DIWUSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7-12TIAN(SHIJIANDAGAIWEI8YUESHANGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI45-55m3;DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU2-3kg,LIUSUANAN3-5kg,LINSUANYIAN3-4kgZUOYOU,JIAFEI1.8-2.2kg,ANJISUANHUOZHEFUZHISUAN(XIN、PENG、MENG、GAI)0.3kg。

(7)DILIUSHUIGUANLIJIBENSHANGGUANHOU7-12TIAN(SHIJIANDAGAIWEI8YUEZHONGXUN):GENJUTURANGSHANGQINGMEIMUDISHUI40-50m3,DIQINGSHUI1GEXIAOSHIYIHOU,SUISHUIDISHINIAOSU3-4kg,LINSUANYIAN2-3kg,JIAFEI1.5-1.8kg。

(8)DAOSHUDIERCIGUANGAI,MEIMUYONGSHUILIANGKONGZHIZAI30m3YIXIA,NIAOSU2kg,LINSUANNIAO1kg,JIAFEI1kg,ZUIHOUYISHUINIAOSU1kg,LIUSUANJIA0.5kg。

(9)ZUIHOUYISHUIGUANLI,MEIMUYONGSHUILIANGKONGZHIZAI30m3YIXIA,SHIJIANDAGAIWEI8YUEXIAXUNHUOZHE9YUECHU,JIUYUEZHONGXUNHOUJINZHIGUANGAI。

YOUQIQIHOUQUYUCHAYIJIAODA,GAIJISHUZHUYAOYANJIUQUYUSHIXINJIANGSHIHEZIDIQU,DUIYUZHOUBIANDIQUBIJIAOHESHI,DANSHIQITAQUYU,JIANYIGENJUYUMISHENGYUQITEZHENGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。JUTIYUMISHUIFEIGUANLIWENTIQINGLIUYANGOUTONG。

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